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Summary

Hair loss (alopecia) can impact just your scalp or your whole body, and it can be temporary or long-term. It can be the outcome of heredity, hormone modifications, medical conditions or a typical part of aging. Anyone can lose hair on their head, but it's more common in men.

Baldness usually refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary loss of hair with age is the most typical reason for baldness. Some individuals choose to let their loss of hair run its course without treatment and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or headscarfs. And still others pick among the treatments available to avoid more hair loss or restore development.

Before pursuing loss of hair treatment, talk with your doctor about the cause of your hair loss and treatment options.

Male-pattern baldness

Male-pattern baldness generally appears initially at the hairline or top of the head. It can progress to partial or total baldness.

Female-pattern baldness

Female-pattern baldness normally starts with scalp hairs becoming progressively less dense. Lots of females very first experience hair thinning and hair loss where they part their hair and on the top-central portion of the head.

Irregular loss of hair (alopecia location)

In the kind of irregular loss of hair known as alopecia location, hair loss happens all of a sudden and normally begins with several circular bald patches that may overlap.

Traction alopecia

Loss of hair can occur if you wear pigtails, braids or cornrows, or use tight hair rollers. This is called traction alopecia.

Frontal fibrosing alopecia

Early treatment of a declining hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia) might assist avoid substantial permanent baldness. The cause of this condition is unknown, however it primarily affects older women.

Loss of hair can appear in several ways, depending on what's causing it. It can come on all of a sudden or gradually and affect simply your scalp or your whole body.

Signs and symptoms of hair loss might include:

Progressive thinning on top of head.

This is the most typical type of loss of hair, impacting individuals as they age. In males, hair frequently begins to recede at the hairline on the forehead. Ladies usually have a widening of the part in their hair. A significantly typical loss of hair pattern in older ladies is a declining hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).

Circular or irregular bald areas.

Some people lose hair in circular or patchy bald spots on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. Your skin may end up being itchy or agonizing prior to the hair falls out.

A physical or emotional shock can trigger hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair might come out when combing or washing your hair or even after gentle yanking. This kind of hair loss usually causes overall hair thinning but is short-term.

Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the hair loss all over your body. The hair normally grows back.

Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp.

This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by damaged hair, soreness, swelling and, sometimes, oozing.

When to see a physician

See your doctor if you are distressed by consistent hair loss in you or your kid and wish to pursue treatment. For women who are experiencing a declining hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia), talk with your doctor about early treatment to avoid substantial permanent baldness.

Also speak with your doctor if you see unexpected or irregular loss of hair or more than usual loss of hair when combing or cleaning your or your child's hair. Sudden loss of hair can indicate an underlying medical condition that needs treatment.

Ask for a Consultation at Mayo Clinic

Causes

Individuals usually lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This typically isn't obvious since brand-new hair is growing in at the same time. Hair loss happens when new hair does not replace the hair that has actually fallen out.

Hair loss is typically connected to several of the list below elements:

The most typical cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition that occurs with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It normally takes place gradually and in predictable patterns a receding hairline and bald spots in males and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in females.

Hormonal changes and medical conditions.

A variety of conditions can cause irreversible or momentary hair loss, consisting of hormone modifications due to pregnancy, giving birth, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions include alopecia areata (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh), which is immune system related and causes patchy hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling condition called trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh).

Loss of hair can be a side effect of specific drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart issues, gout and hypertension.

Radiation treatment to the head.

The hair might not grow back the same as it was previously.

Many individuals experience a basic thinning of hair numerous months after a physical or psychological shock. This type of loss of hair is short-lived.

Extreme hairstyling or hairdos that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can trigger a type of loss of hair called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents also can cause hair to fall out. If scarring happens, hair loss could be long-term.

Hair Falling Out? This May Be Why

You may be experiencing telogen effluvium, a common kind of hair loss that I typically call “& ldquo; shock shedding.

& rdquo; Learn more. Healthy Skin

What is hair loss?

American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) notes that 80 million men and women in America have genetic loss of hair (alopecia).

It can affect simply the hair on your scalp or your entire body. Although alopecia is more prevalent in older adults, extreme loss of hair can occur in kids too.

It's typical to lose between 50 and 100 hairs a day. With about 100,000 hairs on your head, that little loss isn't noticeable.

New hair typically replaces the lost hair, but this doesn't constantly take place. Loss of hair can develop gradually over years or take place quickly. Hair loss can be permanent or short-term.

It's impossible to count the quantity of hair lost on a provided day. You may be losing more hair than is normal if you observe a big amount of hair in the drain after cleaning your hair or clumps of hair in your brush. You may likewise observe thinning spots of hair or baldness.

If you discover that you're losing more hair than normal, you should talk about the problem with your physician. They can figure out the underlying reason for your loss of hair and suggest proper treatment plans.

What causes loss of hair?

Initially, your physician or dermatologist (a physician who concentrates on skin problems) will attempt to figure out the underlying cause of your hair loss. The most typical cause of hair loss is hereditary male- or female-pattern baldness.

If you have a household history of baldness, you might have this type of hair loss. Particular sex hormones can trigger genetic hair loss. It may start as early as puberty.

Sometimes, hair loss might occur with a simple stop in the cycle of hair growth. Significant diseases, surgical treatments, or terrible events can set off hair loss. Nevertheless, your hair will usually begin growing back without treatment.

Hormone modifications can trigger short-term loss of hair. Examples include:

pregnancy

childbirth

ceasing making use of contraceptive pill menopause Medical conditions that can cause loss of hair include:

thyroid disease alopecia location (an autoimmune illness that assaults hair roots) scalp infections like ringworm Diseases that trigger scarring, such as lichen planus and some kinds of lupus, can lead to irreversible hair loss because of the scarring.

Hair loss can likewise be because of medications used to deal with:

cancer hypertension arthritis depression

heart issues

A physical or emotional shock might set off visible loss of hair. Examples of this type of shock include:

a death in the family

extreme weight loss

a high fever

People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling condition) have a need to take out their hair, generally from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

Traction loss of hair can be due to hairstyles that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very firmly.

A diet lacking in protein iron, and other nutrients can also result in thinning hair.