李成昌 Hair Loss

Summary

Hair loss (alopecia) can affect simply your scalp or your entire body, and it can be short-term or permanent. It can be the result of genetics, hormonal modifications, medical conditions or a regular part of aging. Anybody can lose hair on their head, but it's more typical in males.

Baldness usually refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. Hereditary loss of hair with age is the most typical reason for baldness. Some people choose to let their hair loss run its course without treatment and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairdos, makeup, hats or headscarfs. And still others pick among the treatments offered to prevent more hair loss or bring back growth.

Prior to pursuing loss of hair treatment, talk with your medical professional about the reason for your hair loss and treatment choices.

Male-pattern baldness

Male-pattern baldness usually appears first at the hairline or top of the head. It can advance to partial or total baldness.

Female-pattern baldness

Female-pattern baldness normally begins with scalp hairs ending up being gradually less thick. Numerous ladies first experience hair thinning and loss of hair where they part their hair and on the top-central part of the head.

Patchy loss of hair (alopecia areata)

In the kind of irregular loss of hair called alopecia areata, loss of hair takes place unexpectedly and normally starts with several circular bald spots that may overlap.

Traction alopecia

Hair loss can take place if you wear pigtails, braids or cornrows, or utilize tight hair rollers. This is called traction alopecia.

Frontal fibrosing alopecia

Early treatment of a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia) might assist prevent considerable irreversible baldness. The reason for this condition is unidentified, however it primarily affects older ladies.

Loss of hair can appear in various ways, depending upon what's causing it. It can begin all of a sudden or gradually and affect simply your scalp or your whole body.

Symptoms and signs of loss of hair may consist of:

Gradual thinning on top of head.

This is the most typical kind of hair loss, impacting people as they age. In guys, hair frequently begins to decline at the hairline on the forehead. Women normally have a broadening of the part in their hair. A significantly common loss of hair pattern in older females is a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).

Circular or patchy bald spots.

Some people lose hair in circular or patchy bald spots on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. Your skin might end up being itchy or painful prior to the hair falls out.

A physical or psychological shock can cause hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or cleaning your hair or perhaps after gentle yanking. This kind of loss of hair usually causes overall hair thinning but is momentary.

Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can lead to the hair loss all over your body. The hair usually grows back.

Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp.

This suggests ringworm. It might be accompanied by damaged hair, redness, swelling and, sometimes, oozing.

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if you are distressed by persistent hair loss in you or your kid and wish to pursue treatment. For females who are experiencing a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia), talk with your physician about early treatment to avoid significant irreversible baldness.

Also speak with your doctor if you notice unexpected or irregular hair loss or more than typical hair loss when combing or washing your or your kid's hair. Sudden loss of hair can signify an underlying medical condition that needs treatment.

Ask for an Appointment at Mayo Clinic

Causes

People generally lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This normally isn't noticeable due to the fact that new hair is growing in at the exact same time. Loss of hair takes place when brand-new hair does not replace the hair that has fallen out.

Hair loss is usually related to several of the list below elements:

The most typical cause of loss of hair is a hereditary condition that occurs with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs slowly and in predictable patterns a receding hairline and bald areas in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in females.

Hormonal modifications and medical conditions.

A range of conditions can trigger irreversible or temporary hair loss, consisting of hormonal changes due to pregnancy, giving birth, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions consist of alopecia location (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh), which is immune system associated and triggers patchy hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh).

Hair loss can be a negative effects of particular drugs, such as those utilized for cancer, arthritis, depression, heart problems, gout and hypertension.

Radiation therapy to the head.

The hair might not grow back the same as it was previously.

Lots of people experience a basic thinning of hair numerous months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of loss of hair is temporary.

Excessive hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can trigger a kind of loss of hair called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents likewise can cause hair to fall out. If scarring takes place, hair loss could be permanent.

Hair Falling Out? This Might Be Why

You may be experiencing telogen effluvium, a typical type of loss of hair that I frequently call “& ldquo; shock shedding.

& rdquo; Discover more. Healthy Skin

What is loss of hair?

American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) keeps in mind that 80 million men and women in America have genetic loss of hair (alopecia).

It can affect simply the hair on your scalp or your whole body. Although alopecia is more widespread in older grownups, excessive loss of hair can take place in children also.

It's regular to lose in between 50 and 100 hairs a day. With about 100,000 hairs on your head, that little loss isn't noticeable.

New hair normally replaces the lost hair, however this does not constantly happen. Loss of hair can develop gradually over years or happen abruptly. Hair loss can be irreversible or short-term.

It's impossible to count the quantity of hair lost on a given day. You may be losing more hair than is regular if you discover a large quantity of hair in the drain after washing your hair or clumps of hair in your brush. You might likewise discover thinning patches of hair or baldness.

If you see that you're losing more hair than typical, you must go over the problem with your doctor. They can identify the underlying reason for your loss of hair and suggest appropriate treatment plans.

What triggers loss of hair?

First, your physician or skin doctor (a medical professional who concentrates on skin problems) will attempt to identify the underlying reason for your loss of hair. The most common reason for hair loss is genetic male- or female-pattern baldness.

If you have a family history of baldness, you might have this type of hair loss. Specific sex hormonal agents can trigger genetic loss of hair. It may start as early as puberty.

Sometimes, loss of hair may occur with an easy stop in the cycle of hair growth. Major health problems, surgical treatments, or terrible events can set off loss of hair. However, your hair will normally start growing back without treatment.

Hormone modifications can trigger temporary loss of hair. Examples consist of:

pregnancy

giving birth

discontinuing using birth control pills menopause Medical conditions that can trigger hair loss consist of:

thyroid disease alopecia location (an autoimmune illness that assaults hair roots) scalp infections like ringworm Illness that cause scarring, such as lichen planus and some types of lupus, can result in long-term loss of hair due to the fact that of the scarring.

Hair loss can also be because of medications used to deal with:

cancer hypertension arthritis depression

heart problems

A physical or psychological shock may set off obvious hair loss. Examples of this type of shock include:

a death in the family

extreme weight reduction

a high fever

People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) have a need to pull out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

Traction loss of hair can be due to hairdos that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very firmly.

A diet doing not have in protein iron, and other nutrients can also lead to thinning hair.