Class 1 Hair Loss

Summary

Loss of hair (alopecia) can impact just your scalp or your entire body, and it can be short-term or permanent. It can be the outcome of heredity, hormonal modifications, medical conditions or a typical part of aging. Anybody can lose hair on their head, but it's more common in males.

Baldness normally refers to excessive loss of hair from your scalp. Genetic hair loss with age is the most common reason for baldness. Some people prefer to let their loss of hair run its course untreated and unhidden. Others may cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. And still others choose among the treatments available to prevent further hair loss or restore development.

Before pursuing loss of hair treatment, talk with your doctor about the reason for your loss of hair and treatment choices.

Male-pattern baldness

Male-pattern baldness normally appears initially at the hairline or top of the head. It can progress to partial or total baldness.

Female-pattern baldness

Female-pattern baldness usually starts with scalp hairs becoming gradually less thick. Lots of women first experience hair thinning and loss of hair where they part their hair and on the top-central part of the head.

Irregular loss of hair (alopecia areata)

In the type of patchy hair loss known as alopecia areata, hair loss takes place unexpectedly and usually starts with one or more circular bald patches that may overlap.

Traction alopecia

Hair loss can happen if you wear pigtails, braids or cornrows, or utilize tight hair rollers. This is called traction alopecia.

Frontal fibrosing alopecia

Early treatment of a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia) may help avoid considerable long-term baldness. The reason for this condition is unknown, however it mainly impacts older females.

Loss of hair can appear in several ways, depending on what's causing it. It can come on unexpectedly or slowly and affect just your scalp or your entire body.

Signs and symptoms of hair loss may include:

Gradual thinning on top of head.

This is the most typical type of hair loss, affecting individuals as they age. In guys, hair typically starts to decline at the hairline on the forehead. Women normally have a broadening of the part in their hair. An increasingly common hair loss pattern in older women is a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).

Circular or irregular bald spots.

Some individuals lose hair in circular or irregular bald spots on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. Your skin may end up being itchy or painful before the hair falls out.

A physical or emotional shock can trigger hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or washing your hair or even after gentle pulling. This kind of loss of hair normally causes total hair thinning but is temporary.

Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can result in the hair loss all over your body. The hair normally grows back.

Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp.

This is a sign of ringworm. It may be accompanied by damaged hair, redness, swelling and, at times, exuding.

When to see a doctor

See your physician if you are distressed by consistent hair loss in you or your child and want to pursue treatment. For ladies who are experiencing a declining hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia), talk with your medical professional about early treatment to avoid substantial permanent baldness.

Likewise speak with your medical professional if you notice unexpected or irregular loss of hair or more than typical hair loss when combing or cleaning your or your child's hair. Unexpected loss of hair can signal an underlying medical condition that requires treatment.

Request a Consultation at Mayo Clinic

Causes

Individuals normally lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This typically isn't visible because new hair is growing in at the exact same time. Hair loss occurs when brand-new hair doesn't replace the hair that has actually fallen out.

Loss of hair is generally connected to several of the list below elements:

The most common cause of loss of hair is a genetic condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It normally happens slowly and in predictable patterns a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in women.

Hormone modifications and medical conditions.

A range of conditions can trigger permanent or momentary hair loss, consisting of hormone changes due to pregnancy, giving birth, menopause and thyroid issues. Medical conditions consist of alopecia location (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh), which is body immune system related and triggers irregular loss of hair, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling condition called trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh).

Loss of hair can be a side effect of particular drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, anxiety, heart issues, gout and high blood pressure.

Radiation treatment to the head.

The hair may not grow back the same as it was before.

Lots of people experience a general thinning of hair a number of months after a physical or emotional shock. This kind of hair loss is temporary.

Extreme hairstyling or hairstyles that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can trigger a kind of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents likewise can cause hair to fall out. If scarring occurs, hair loss could be permanent.

Hair Falling Out? This Might Be Why

You may be experiencing telogen effluvium, a typical form of hair loss that I typically call “& ldquo; shock shedding.

& rdquo; Discover more. Healthy Skin

What is hair loss?

American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) notes that 80 million males and females in America have genetic hair loss (alopecia).

It can affect simply the hair on your scalp or your entire body. Although alopecia is more prevalent in older adults, extreme loss of hair can take place in children too.

It's typical to lose between 50 and 100 hairs a day. With about 100,000 hairs on your head, that little loss isn't visible.

New hair usually replaces the lost hair, but this doesn't always occur. Hair loss can establish gradually over years or take place suddenly. Hair loss can be irreversible or short-lived.

It's difficult to count the amount of hair lost on a given day. You may be losing more hair than is normal if you see a big quantity of hair in the drain after cleaning your hair or clumps of hair in your brush. You might also observe thinning spots of hair or baldness.

If you notice that you're losing more hair than usual, you need to go over the problem with your medical professional. They can determine the underlying reason for your hair loss and suggest appropriate treatment strategies.

What causes loss of hair?

First, your physician or dermatologist (a doctor who specializes in skin problems) will try to determine the underlying cause of your loss of hair. The most typical cause of hair loss is hereditary male- or female-pattern baldness.

If you have a household history of baldness, you may have this kind of loss of hair. Specific sex hormones can set off genetic hair loss. It may begin as early as the age of puberty.

In some cases, hair loss may occur with an easy halt in the cycle of hair growth. Significant illnesses, surgeries, or distressing events can activate hair loss. Nevertheless, your hair will typically start growing back without treatment.

Hormone changes can cause short-term hair loss. Examples consist of:

pregnancy

childbirth

terminating the use of birth control pills menopause Medical conditions that can trigger hair loss include:

thyroid disease alopecia areata (an autoimmune illness that assaults hair roots) scalp infections like ringworm Illness that cause scarring, such as lichen planus and some kinds of lupus, can lead to long-term hair loss due to the fact that of the scarring.

Loss of hair can likewise be due to medications used to treat:

cancer high blood pressure arthritis depression

heart issues

A physical or psychological shock might activate obvious loss of hair. Examples of this kind of shock include:

a death in the family

severe weight loss

a high fever

Individuals with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) have a requirement to take out their hair, typically from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

Traction loss of hair can be due to hairdos that put pressure on the roots by pulling the hair back extremely firmly.

A diet lacking in protein iron, and other nutrients can also lead to thinning hair.