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Overview

Hair loss (alopecia) can affect just your scalp or your entire body, and it can be short-lived or permanent. It can be the result of heredity, hormonal modifications, medical conditions or a normal part of aging. Anybody can lose hair on their head, but it's more common in men.

Baldness usually refers to extreme loss of hair from your scalp. Genetic hair loss with age is the most common cause of baldness. Some people prefer to let their loss of hair run its course neglected and unhidden. Others might cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or scarves. And still others pick among the treatments offered to avoid additional hair loss or restore growth.

Prior to pursuing loss of hair treatment, talk with your doctor about the reason for your hair loss and treatment choices.

Male-pattern baldness

Male-pattern baldness typically appears first at the hairline or top of the head. It can advance to partial or total baldness.

Female-pattern baldness

Female-pattern baldness typically starts with scalp hairs becoming progressively less dense. Lots of women first experience hair thinning and loss of hair where they part their hair and on the top-central portion of the head.

Patchy hair loss (alopecia areata)

In the kind of patchy loss of hair known as alopecia areata, hair loss happens suddenly and generally starts with one or more circular bald patches that might overlap.

Traction alopecia

Hair loss can happen if you use pigtails, braids or cornrows, or utilize tight hair rollers. This is called traction alopecia.

Frontal fibrosing alopecia

Early treatment of a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia) might help avoid considerable long-term baldness. The reason for this condition is unidentified, however it mainly affects older women.

Hair loss can appear in various methods, depending upon what's triggering it. It can begin suddenly or slowly and impact just your scalp or your entire body.

Symptoms and signs of loss of hair may include:

Steady thinning on top of head.

This is the most common kind of loss of hair, affecting individuals as they age. In men, hair often starts to decline at the hairline on the forehead. Females usually have a broadening of the part in their hair. An increasingly common loss of hair pattern in older women is a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).

Circular or patchy bald spots.

Some people lose hair in circular or irregular bald areas on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. Your skin might end up being scratchy or unpleasant before the hair falls out.

A physical or psychological shock can cause hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair may come out when combing or washing your hair or even after mild pulling. This kind of loss of hair normally triggers general hair thinning but is short-lived.

Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can lead to the hair loss all over your body. The hair normally grows back.

Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp.

This suggests ringworm. It might be accompanied by broken hair, soreness, swelling and, at times, exuding.

When to see a physician

See your doctor if you are distressed by persistent loss of hair in you or your child and wish to pursue treatment. For females who are experiencing a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia), talk with your physician about early treatment to prevent significant permanent baldness.

Also speak to your physician if you see unexpected or patchy loss of hair or more than usual hair loss when combing or washing your or your child's hair. Sudden hair loss can indicate a hidden medical condition that requires treatment.

Ask for a Consultation at Mayo Center

Causes

People typically lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This typically isn't obvious due to the fact that new hair is growing in at the same time. Hair loss happens when brand-new hair does not replace the hair that has fallen out.

Hair loss is typically related to one or more of the following aspects:

The most common cause of hair loss is a genetic condition that occurs with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs slowly and in predictable patterns a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in females.

Hormone modifications and medical conditions.

A range of conditions can trigger irreversible or temporary hair loss, including hormone changes due to pregnancy, giving birth, menopause and thyroid issues. Medical conditions include alopecia location (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh), which is immune system associated and triggers irregular hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh).

Hair loss can be an adverse effects of particular drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, anxiety, heart issues, gout and hypertension.

Radiation treatment to the head.

The hair might not grow back the like it was in the past.

Many people experience a basic thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This type of hair loss is temporary.

Extreme hairstyling or hairdos that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can trigger a kind of loss of hair called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents likewise can trigger hair to fall out. If scarring takes place, loss of hair could be irreversible.

Hair Falling Out? This May Be Why

You might be experiencing telogen effluvium, a typical form of loss of hair that I frequently call “& ldquo; shock shedding.

& rdquo; Learn more. Healthy Skin

What is loss of hair?

American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) keeps in mind that 80 million men and women in America have genetic loss of hair (alopecia).

It can affect just the hair on your scalp or your entire body. Although alopecia is more widespread in older adults, extreme loss of hair can take place in kids too.

It's typical to lose in between 50 and 100 hairs a day. With about 100,000 hairs on your head, that small loss isn't noticeable.

New hair normally replaces the lost hair, but this does not always occur. Loss of hair can develop gradually over years or occur suddenly. Loss of hair can be long-term or temporary.

It's impossible to count the quantity of hair lost on a provided day. You might be losing more hair than is typical if you notice a big quantity of hair in the drain after washing your hair or clumps of hair in your brush. You may likewise notice thinning patches of hair or baldness.

If you discover that you're losing more hair than typical, you must discuss the issue with your doctor. They can identify the underlying reason for your hair loss and suggest suitable treatment strategies.

What causes loss of hair?

First, your doctor or dermatologist (a medical professional who concentrates on skin issues) will attempt to determine the underlying cause of your loss of hair. The most common reason for hair loss is genetic male- or female-pattern baldness.

If you have a family history of baldness, you might have this kind of loss of hair. Particular sex hormones can set off hereditary loss of hair. It may begin as early as the age of puberty.

In some cases, hair loss might accompany a simple stop in the cycle of hair development. Major illnesses, surgical treatments, or terrible events can trigger hair loss. However, your hair will generally begin growing back without treatment.

Hormonal changes can cause momentary loss of hair. Examples include:

pregnancy

childbirth

stopping the use of birth control pills menopause Medical conditions that can cause loss of hair include:

thyroid illness alopecia location (an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles) scalp infections like ringworm Diseases that trigger scarring, such as lichen planus and some kinds of lupus, can lead to irreversible hair loss since of the scarring.

Hair loss can likewise be because of medications used to deal with:

cancer hypertension arthritis depression

heart issues

A physical or psychological shock may activate obvious hair loss. Examples of this kind of shock consist of:

a death in the household

extreme weight-loss

a high fever

Individuals with trichotillomania (hair-pulling condition) have a requirement to pull out their hair, typically from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

Traction loss of hair can be due to hairdos that put pressure on the follicles by pulling the hair back very firmly.

A diet plan lacking in protein iron, and other nutrients can likewise result in thinning hair.