Loss of hair (alopecia) can impact simply your scalp or your whole body, and it can be momentary or irreversible. It can be the result of genetics, hormone modifications, medical conditions or a regular part of aging. Anyone can lose hair on their head, however it's more typical in men.
Baldness usually refers to extreme loss of hair from your scalp. Genetic hair loss with age is the most common reason for baldness. Some individuals choose to let their loss of hair run its course without treatment and unhidden. Others might cover it up with hairstyles, makeup, hats or headscarfs. And still others pick one of the treatments readily available to prevent further loss of hair or bring back development.
Before pursuing loss of hair treatment, talk with your physician about the reason for your loss of hair and treatment alternatives.
Male-pattern baldness typically appears initially at the hairline or top of the head. It can progress to partial or complete baldness.
Female-pattern baldness typically starts with scalp hairs becoming progressively less thick. Many females first experience hair thinning and loss of hair where they part their hair and on the top-central part of the head.
In the type of patchy hair loss called alopecia location, hair loss happens suddenly and usually starts with one or more circular bald patches that might overlap.
Loss of hair can take place if you wear pigtails, braids or cornrows, or utilize tight hair rollers. This is called traction alopecia.
Early treatment of a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia) might help avoid considerable irreversible baldness. The reason for this condition is unknown, however it mainly affects older females.
Hair loss can appear in many different ways, depending on what's triggering it. It can begin suddenly or slowly and affect simply your scalp or your whole body.
Symptoms and signs of hair loss might include:
Steady thinning on top of head.
This is the most common kind of loss of hair, impacting people as they age. In men, hair often begins to recede at the hairline on the forehead. Females typically have a broadening of the part in their hair. A significantly typical loss of hair pattern in older females is a declining hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia).
Circular or patchy bald areas.
Some people lose hair in circular or patchy bald areas on the scalp, beard or eyebrows. Your skin might become itchy or painful before the hair falls out.
A physical or emotional shock can trigger hair to loosen. Handfuls of hair might come out when combing or cleaning your hair and even after mild tugging. This type of loss of hair typically triggers total hair thinning however is short-lived.
Some conditions and medical treatments, such as chemotherapy for cancer, can lead to the hair loss all over your body. The hair normally grows back.
Patches of scaling that spread over the scalp.
This suggests ringworm. It may be accompanied by broken hair, soreness, swelling and, sometimes, oozing.
When to see a medical professional
See your physician if you are distressed by persistent loss of hair in you or your child and want to pursue treatment. For females who are experiencing a receding hairline (frontal fibrosing alopecia), talk with your physician about early treatment to prevent substantial permanent baldness.
Also speak to your doctor if you observe unexpected or patchy loss of hair or more than typical loss of hair when combing or cleaning your or your kid's hair. Sudden hair loss can signify an underlying medical condition that requires treatment.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic
Individuals normally lose 50 to 100 hairs a day. This usually isn't noticeable because new hair is growing in at the very same time. Loss of hair happens when new hair doesn't change the hair that has fallen out.
Hair loss is usually related to one or more of the list below factors:
The most typical reason for loss of hair is a hereditary condition that happens with aging. This condition is called androgenic alopecia, male-pattern baldness and female-pattern baldness. It normally happens slowly and in predictable patterns a receding hairline and bald spots in men and thinning hair along the crown of the scalp in women.
Hormonal modifications and medical conditions.
A range of conditions can cause irreversible or short-term loss of hair, including hormonal changes due to pregnancy, childbirth, menopause and thyroid problems. Medical conditions include alopecia areata (al-o-PEE-she-uh ar-e-A-tuh), which is immune system associated and causes patchy hair loss, scalp infections such as ringworm, and a hair-pulling disorder called trichotillomania (trik-o-til-o-MAY-nee-uh).
Hair loss can be an adverse effects of certain drugs, such as those used for cancer, arthritis, anxiety, heart problems, gout and high blood pressure.
Radiation treatment to the head.
The hair may not grow back the like it was before.
Many people experience a general thinning of hair several months after a physical or emotional shock. This kind of hair loss is short-term.
Excessive hairstyling or hairdos that pull your hair tight, such as pigtails or cornrows, can trigger a kind of hair loss called traction alopecia. Hot-oil hair treatments and permanents also can cause hair to fall out. If scarring happens, hair loss might be long-term.
Hair Falling Out? This May Be Why
You might be experiencing telogen effluvium, a typical kind of loss of hair that I often call “& ldquo; shock shedding.
& rdquo; Learn more. Healthy Skin
What is loss of hair?
American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) notes that 80 million males and females in America have genetic loss of hair (alopecia).
It can impact simply the hair on your scalp or your whole body. Although alopecia is more common in older adults, extreme loss of hair can occur in children as well.
It's normal to lose in between 50 and 100 hairs a day. With about 100,000 hairs on your head, that small loss isn't obvious.
New hair normally changes the lost hair, but this doesn't constantly occur. Loss of hair can establish slowly over years or happen abruptly. Loss of hair can be permanent or short-term.
It's difficult to count the quantity of hair lost on a given day. You might be losing more hair than is normal if you notice a big amount of hair in the drain after cleaning your hair or clumps of hair in your brush. You might also notice thinning patches of hair or baldness.
If you observe that you're losing more hair than typical, you need to go over the problem with your medical professional. They can determine the underlying reason for your hair loss and recommend suitable treatment strategies.
What causes loss of hair?
Initially, your physician or skin specialist (a doctor who specializes in skin problems) will attempt to determine the underlying cause of your hair loss. The most common reason for loss of hair is genetic male- or female-pattern baldness.
If you have a household history of baldness, you may have this type of hair loss. Specific sex hormones can activate genetic loss of hair. It may begin as early as puberty.
In many cases, hair loss may accompany an easy halt in the cycle of hair growth. Significant health problems, surgical treatments, or traumatic events can set off hair loss. Nevertheless, your hair will generally start growing back without treatment.
Hormonal modifications can cause momentary loss of hair. Examples include:
terminating using birth control pills menopause Medical conditions that can cause loss of hair include:
thyroid illness alopecia location (an autoimmune disease that attacks hair follicles) scalp infections like ringworm Diseases that cause scarring, such as lichen planus and some types of lupus, can lead to irreversible hair loss since of the scarring.
Hair loss can also be due to medications used to treat:
cancer hypertension arthritis anxiety
A physical or psychological shock might set off visible hair loss. Examples of this kind of shock include:
a death in the family
a high fever
People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling condition) have a requirement to take out their hair, usually from their head, eyebrows, or eyelashes.
Traction hair loss can be due to hairdos that put pressure on the hair follicles by pulling the hair back really tightly.
A diet lacking in protein iron, and other nutrients can also cause thinning hair.